Terrestrial Ecology

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Terrestrial Ecology

Floral Surveys

CSG has qualified botanists on staff who have performed many floral surveys across several states when needed for a project, floral surveysincluding Floristic Quality Assessment Index (FQAI and Coefficient of Conservatism (CoC). Floral surveys are often required or requested as part of an environmental impact study or possibly for a park or nature preserve interested in the diversity of their plant life. Many regulatory agencies require a floral survey as part of their mitigation efforts.

Prairie Installations

CSG has extensive experience installing native tallgrass prairies and prairieterrestrial upland areas for projects that require natural area restoration. Prairies are often installed in locations where trees are inappropriate (near an airport for instance) or where the soils are not wet enough for a wetland. Native prairie plants are also excellent for use in erosion control and pollinator gardens and require little maintenance once established. Additionally, native prairies complement a wildlife habitat enhancement plan and can be very aesthetic.

Invasive Species Management

Invasive species have become a major natural resources threat to the United States in recent years, costing billions of dollars to control and wiping out countless acres of natural landscape. This threat to our ecosystem requires careful planning and innovative Invasive species managementmanagement techniques. CSG has extensive experience in treating and dealing with invasive plants in natural areas such as parks, native prairies, wildlife habitat enhancement areas, wetland mitigations and floodplain areas.

Reforestation (Tree Planting)

CSG has experienced biologists who have spent countless hours planting trees to reestablish a forested area for certain projects. Wereforestation have installed trees for landscape buffers, wetland mitigations, floodplain mitigations, wildlife habitat enhancement, erosion control or just for aesthetics.

Natural Area Management, Wildlife Habitat Evaluation, Enhancement & Consultation

Like any landscape, a natural area, such as a park or wildlife enhancement area, requires periodic maintenance and evaluation of success (such as presence of invasive species). CSG has experience evaluating a natural area to determine if maintenance is needed, to make recommendations for enhancement or consult on ways to natural area managementexpand the project. In addition, CSG has assisted clients with designing their wildlife habitat plans for application submittal to environmental groups such as the Indiana Wildlife Federation, Wildlife Habitat Council or the Wild Turkey Federation for incorporation into their corporate programs for non-developed areas. In many cases, CSG has assisted in the installation of these wildlife enhancement areas.

Endangered Species

endangered speciesCSG biologists and botanists provide expert surveys of project sites for the presence or absence of endangered, threatened, or protected species and habitats. In the event that a protected species or habitat is present, CSG works closely with the relevant federal and state agencies to develop custom solutions on a project by project basis.

Bat Habitat Assessments

In the Midwest, the main Endangered Species of concern is the bat habitat assessmentsIndiana Bat (Myotis sodalis). CSG biologists have experience inspecting sites for potential Indiana Bat habitat before a project begins. If sufficient habitat for bats is present, CSG will work the client to avoid bat surveys, where possible so that the project can move forward in a timely way. This may involve coordination with the US Fish & Wildlife Service to do non-flight season tree clearing or a finding of no-impact. CSG is capable of performing other endangered species surveys and habitat assessments for potential impact sites as well.

Critical Habitat Evaluation

CSG will coordinate with the Indiana Department of Natural Resources – Division of Nature Preserves (or appropriate agency from a different state) to seek concurrence on the presence or critical habitatabsence of listed state and federal endangered species that have been reported in the area of the project. If suitable habitat exists on the project for a listed species, CSG is qualified to perform the necessary surveys.

Rare Plant Surveys

Occasionally, habitat for rare or endangered plants, such as Running rare plant surveysBuffalo Clover (trifolium stoloniferum), is present on a proposed development site. CSG biologists are qualified to perform rare plant surveys for federal or state species if required, for a project site.